Being obese and overweight might increase the risks of different health problems such as heart diseases, diabetes, and certain cancers. Having excess weight can also lead to long-term and short-term health issues to both the child and the mother. Maintaining a healthy weight will help you in staying healthier even as you grow old. Other major health problems that are associated with excess weight include
- Fatty liver disease
- Kidney disease
- High blood pressure
- Sleep apnea
- Pregnancy problems
How to know if someone is overweight
The process of gaining weight gradually is not a big deal. However, adding these pounds over time can make you overweight. How can someone tell if his or her weight could lead to health problems? Two significant numbers will help you in understanding your risk. These are your waist size and the body mass index.
Body mass index
This is one of the best ways of telling if someone is obese or overweight. The BMI measures someone’s weight in relation his or her height and the score obtained helps in placing a person in a certain category. There is an online tool that can help you in determining your BMI
- Obesity- individuals having a BMI of 30 and above
- Overweight-individuals with a BMI ranging from 25-29.9
- Normal weight- BMI ranging from 18.5 to 24.9
Size of the waist
The size of the waist is measured in inches. Individuals who have a lot of fat around their waist are at a higher risk of developing health issues as compared to those who have access at in the other parts of the body. In fact, men having a waist size that exceeds 40 inches are at high risks of developing obesity-related diseases. The same applies to women having a waist size exceeding 35 inches.
Type 2 diabetes
Research has indicated that over 80% of the people having type 2 diabetes are either obese or overweight. This condition is characterized by increased levels of blood sugar. High blood sugar is the leading cause of amputation, kidney disease, blindness, stroke and heart diseases. Other risk factors associated with type 2 diabetes include poor diet, excess body weight, and low activity level.
High blood pressure
The heart is responsible for pumping blood to the various parts of the body through the arteries. Hypertension one of the leading cause of kidney failure, stroke, and heart disease. This condition is mainly linked to obesity and overweight in several ways. Your heart will be forced to pump blood harder if you have a large body. Again, excess fat can also damage the major organs such as the kidney. In addition to that, high blood pressure is also linked to strokes.